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Links to articles and tips


Below you will find useful information sourced from other valuation experts as well as articles written by our own team about business valuations and related topics about running a business....


  • Why Companies Need a Current Business Valuation

    Published by iPFrontline.com

    The following are the top reasons that companies benefit from having a business valuation.... Read more


  • The Five Myths of Valuing a Private Business

    Written by Dr. Stanley J. Feldman

    As you work tirelessly to meet the everyday challenges of running your own business, you may wonder why you should be interested in a column on valuing your business. After all, valuation is something you will be concerned about some time in the future when there is ”need“ for a valuation. If you feel like this and you stop reading, you will be missing.... Read more


  • Gordon 's growth model · Moving the valuation forward to the valuation date · Valuing land and buildings · Two estate duty fiddles · Liquidation value - the floor of valuation

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    I saw a valuation by one of the large auditing firms in which they used Gordon 's Growth Model to value a private company. This model makes unrealistic assumptions such as continuing growth forever and it ignores the reality of life. Do not.... Read more


  • The meaning of non-core income · Minority v majority valuations

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    You will get weird valuations if you create non-core income when there are no non-core assets. Non-core assets are assets not required for the operations of the company, e.g. share investments in other companies. The non-core income should be what those assets yield and not.... Read more


  • Arriving at value by averaging different models – not acceptable · The concept of re-investment risk · Crude reality checks on valuations

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    At a recent valuation workshop I was hammered on my concept of the terminal value in my valuation models. I tried to explain that at the terminal date, i.e. the end of the window period, the goodwill at the valuation date would have been 'sused up's and that the company would be earning a fair rate of return.... Read more


  • Window period and residual window

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    It is essential to address the three aspects: 'Why, what and how?'.... Read more


  • Minority with no dividends · Applying a discount to get a minority valuation · Ethics in valuations

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    Here is an all too familiar story of possible abuse of small shareholders. It is one of the reasons that I never take a minority stake in a non-listed company. A company has many minor shareholders and a few large ones. The company's operations had, in the past, produced sound profits and paid generous.... Read more


  • BEE deal gone wrong · Old estate duty scam re-visited · Advantages of a model · IVSC

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    I have seen quite a few situations where BEE partners take, say, a 26% of the share in a company, CC or business, the entity benefits from having achieved its BEE credentials and then the relationship breaks down and a valuation has to be carried out for the purpose of re-acquiring the holding. The question to ask in this situation is: 'What valuation basis does one use?'.... Read more


  • Before or after tax rates · what tax rate to use · impossible valuations.

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    I cannot believe that there are still accountants and financiers who discount after tax cash flow at a pre-tax rate. I was lecturing at one such firm recently and asked the participants: 'You use a pre-tax gilt rate to which you add a risk premium. Is the risk premium before or after tax?' They said: 'After tax.' So I said.... Read more


  • Value · Horror valuations · How issuing shares affects value · Exit strategy

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    Few people understand the concept of value. I received an email from a business owner recently wanting me to establish 'exactly what my business is worth'! I had to break the bad news to her.... Read more


  • Due diligence ideas

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    A participant joined the valuation workshop to understand how to perform a due diligence exercise on a business and how to value it as she was tired of working for others and wanted to do her own thing. She needed a quick check-list. So, here we go..... Read more


  • What are you valuing? · Strategic buy · Time to increase the systematic risk?

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    A business is breaking even at present and there are no prospects for improvement. A strategic buyer appears on the scene and is considering acquiring a 50% stake as an alternative to starting his own business from scratch. The question is: what basis does one use to value this 50% stake? The suggestion made was to.... Read more


  • Defining value · Back and forward dating · RSA bond expiry dates

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    The lesson to learn from this mess is that before paying cash for a business it is essential to.... Read more


  • Accounting for risk

    Written and published by Charles Hattingh

    The three major determinants of value are.... Read more



Business Valuation Services" I decided to use BVA based on Wynand's growing reputation and association with Charles Hattingh. Wynand performed a valuation of a subsidiary company in our Group that required a somewhat different approach and confirmation of the valuation due to some contentious points. The valuation was performed with insight and professionalism. The comprehensive valuation report covered all angles and all conceivable problems. I will definitely use BVA again should the occasion arise and heartily recommend them to anyone who wants a quality service. "

Mr. C. Bonifacio - Group Financial Coordinator of The Bosasa Group of Companies